Brief History of Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland is one of the four countries forming the United Kingdom. The other countries that are a part of United Kingdom are England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland today comprises of six counties. It is situated in the north-eastern part of Ireland and towards west of Britain.

The formation of the Northern Ireland probably began since its conception. Northern Ireland was earlier a part of Ireland. Since the 15th century, attempts were being made to conquer the portion of land now known as Northern Ireland. However, by virtue of the Government of Ireland Act, 1920, Ireland was divided into Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland. Although divided into two countries, both were still a part of United Kingdom. However, at the time of the partition, there were two groups of residents-one group comprising mostly of Protestants had always wanted to be a part of United Kingdom. The other group consisting of Catholics wanted the unification of Ireland. The Southern Ireland is now known as Republic of Ireland or simply Ireland. It is an independent country.

The history of Northern Ireland’s and the United Kingdom dates back to the 16th century. It was the time when wars were fought between Irish and British troops over the region now recognized as Northern Ireland. One of the biggest events in the history of Northern Ireland took place in the 20th century.

This was the time when there was a lot of political turmoil in Northern Ireland. A major event was the civil war, better known as ‘The Troubles’ that took place in the 20th century. This civil war lasted for over 30 years and affected the normal life of the people living here. This war is also known to have claimed lives of 3,000 people. Belfast Agreement or the Good Friday Agreement was a result of this war. It was entered into between Ireland and Northern Ireland in 1998 for the purpose of governance of Northern Ireland and keeping peace between the two countries.

The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast. The currency used here is Pound Sterling (₤). The country is blessed with big rivers and is essentially a mountainous country. Rivers like Bann, Foyne, Mourne and Logan constitute the important rivers of Northern Ireland. Lough Neagh is situated here in Northern Ireland. It is a freshwater lake and is considered to be the largest freshwater lake not only in Northern Ireland but also in the Western European region. Slieve Donard Mountain in the Mourne Mountains is 2,782 feet tall, making it the highest mountain. Today, Northern Ireland is one of the most visited places owing to its history and geographical location.